SUEZ Water - Water Technologies & Water

Refining Solutions

Achieve operational calm in your refinery with an integrated approach that includes best-in-class water and process chemical treatment, equipment, monitoring and predictive intelligence. Minimize corrosion, reduce fouling, save energy and reuse water. SUEZ can help refineries run more efficiently, increase production, and boost profits.

Refining Solutions

Achieve operational calm in your refinery with an integrated approach that includes best-in-class water and process chemical treatment, equipment, monitoring and predictive intelligence. Minimize corrosion, reduce fouling, save energy and reuse water. SUEZ can help refineries run more efficiently, increase production, and boost profits.

Challenges

Challenges within the refining industry

Reliability & Operating Flexibility (Throughput & Product Mix)

Flexibility is today’s hydrocarbon refining industry reality. The need to maintain operational reliability during swings in crude quality not only affects product mix and quality but can increase operating costs resulting from heat exchange losses, derating of product streams and environmental concerns from a poor desalter performance. Challenges introduced by swings in crude characterization, environmental constraints, seasonal requirements, unexpected shutdown, and profit-driven supply require the refiner to make quick operational decisions.

SUEZ’s technology addresses the need to quickly assess the effect these changes have on key operational concerns across your operation. The ability to rapidly respond to change can help your refinery plan more effectively, balance product blends to improve margin, plan maintenance requirements and optimize margins in a volatile market.

As the refining industry looks at cost reduction measures, SUEZ can provide the resources to aid in monitoring key critical analytics. SUEZ’s suite of instrumentation can optimize corrosion control, log key data for analytical modeling, control chemical feed based on demand, alarm potential areas of concern, all reducing operating cost. Our Integrated Solutions for Refining (ISR) is a complete suite of on-line and off-line monitoring solutions, chemical solutions and knowledge management systems to optimize performance and protect assets.

Process

Water

  • Boiler Water Treatment monitoring and control drives, efficiency, safety and reliability in steam-generating systems.

  • Cooling Water Treatment programs are designed specifically to enhance and maximize your production output, heat transfer efficiency, and system reliability.

  • Wastewater Management and water reuse solutions for water recovery, treatment, and recycling.

Equipment & Services

Crude Oil Flexibility/Managing Variable Quality

With the expansion of unconventional production and increased blending of crude oils, the variety of crude oils available to refiners today is broader than it has ever been. One key to operating with lower costs is to maintain the flexibility to process a wide assortment of crude oils and blends at your refinery—taking advantage of the supply market to enable a reduction in the cost of crude oil supply. However, lower-cost crudes and blend variations can have negative impacts on operating performance and introduce operating challenges.

SUEZ has several technologies specific to measuring the quality of crude oils, blends, and operating conditions that can be impacted by variable quality like system fouling and corrosion—improving the ability to assess system health and determine when corrective actions are needed. Combining this information with time-tested, proven programs to maintain and improve performance helps our customers achieve an optimum balance between performance and cost while ensuring production and product quality goals are met.

The exact issues that arise depend upon the exact crude oil blend and refinery configuration, but common issues are seen across refineries looking to increase crude flexibility include desalter performance issues, increased fouling, wastewater quality degradation, catalyst poisoning, and decreased equipment life from corrosion. If left unchecked, the negative impacts of crude quality variation can consume much to all the profit opportunities gained by purchasing cheaper crude oils. Combining technology, chemistry, and industry know-how, SUEZ works with you to develop the right program for your specific challenges, improving flexibility and increasing profit.

Process

  • Amine Global Services keep your amine treatment system not just in control but running at optimum conditions.

  • Crude Oil Fingerprinting & Advanced Predictive Analytics uses rapid, onsite testing to measure oil quality and predict impacts.

  • Crude Overhead Corrosion Protection more effectively determines the salting in overhead systems and provides a comprehensive sensitivity analysis with advanced analytics towards proactive mitigation.

  • Crude Overhead Monitoring Systems measure distillation tower overhead conditions onstream to provide continuous, closed-loop control.

  • Crude Stabilizers enhance the ability to successfully process incompatible crude blends.

  • Fouling Control Chemistry preserves heat transfer and throughput for both traditional and non-conventional fouling.

  • Metals Removal enhances traditional desalter performance when processing opportunity crudes containing metal naphthenates to reduce coking, catalyst poisoning, and potential off-spec finished products.

Water

Equipment & Services

  • Biological Wastewater Treatment provides high-performance water, wastewater, and sludge treatment solutions for any size population and virtually any influent condition.

  • Design/Build Amine Units packages provide a complete turnkey solution for sweetening various refinery gas and hydrocarbon liquids.

  • Design/Build/Retrofit Desalters developed a range of crude oil dewatering and desalting technologies to be applied in appropriate situations.   

  • ­Oil & Solids Separation ensures the quality of wastewater for effective wastewater treatment by removing solids and oil from incoming streams.

  • Oil & Solids Flotation provides an effective clarification method for low-density solids that sedimentation cannot remove.

Mechanical Availability (Uptime/Equipment Life)

Fluctuating oil prices, energy conservation demands, and tightening regulations in recent years have forced a squeeze on operational costs at the same time the industry is seeking more efficient operations and longer continuous runs between planned maintenance. The obvious benefit of maximizing uptime is that keeping equipment running preserves production and profit generation. While the budget spent on maintenance is always a trade-off between reliability and cost, high performers can achieve reliability at low cost, while low performers spend a lot for maintenance but still are faced with lower reliability.

SUEZ uses an integrated, holistic approach to helping refiners maximize uptime and preserve equipment life and performance across their operations. Our teams drive to the root cause of the problem to ensure that we solve challenges in the most cost-effective manner possible. As SUEZ's capabilities span across the entire refinery operations and offsite—including chemistry, equipment, performance management, and technical expertise— we are positioned to ensure safe and reliable performance for the individual components, the refinery, and across your entire fleet of refineries.

Although planned maintenance has a cost impact as machinery sits idle, there is an accompanying long-term benefit of keeping everything functioning to its optimum over the long-haul. Unplanned downtime, however, typically costs 1.5 times as much as planned downtime and emergency downtime is even more damaging. An emergency shutdown can cost five times as much as downtime for planned maintenance. Ideally, maintenance costs should be driven from maintaining reliability, and not the lack thereof. SUEZ works with you to develop unique programs to help eliminate unplanned and emergency downtime while extending uptime and equipment life.

Process

  • Amine Global Services keep your amine treatment system not just in control but running at optimum conditions.

  • Amine Removal programs increase the extraction of tramp amines into the desalter effluent brine to reduce overhead corrosion risk from amine chloride salts.

  • Corrosion Control programs prevent metal loss and extend equipment life.

  • Fouling Control & Monitoring preserve heat transfer and throughput for both traditional and non-conventional fouling.

  • Integrated Solutions ensure an optimized approach is used throughout operations to maintain throughput and protect equipment.

Water

  • Boiler Feedwater Treatment programs assess the chemical, operational, and mechanical efficiency to ensure proper boiler water is delivered to steam generation equipment.

  • Boiler Internal Treatment provides highly effective protection against scale formation and corrosion to improve the reliability and efficiency of your boiler system.

  • Condensate Modeling System helps reduce corrosion, maintenance needs, and downtime using more sophisticated methods for calculating chemical distribution in boiler and condensate systems.

  • Cooling Water Treatment programs are designed specifically to enhance and maximize your production output, heat transfer efficiency, and system reliability.

Equipment & Services

Environment, Health & Safety (EH&S)

Imagine a refinery with the flexibility, confidence, and peace of mind to process any feedstock without adverse effects to the workers, local community or environment. At SUEZ, our robust, predictable and holistic solutions allow refineries to treat, manage, recover, reuse, or recycle resources across their vast and complex network of oil, water and gas systems. Whether your refinery is looking to manage risks, avoid shutdowns due to environmental contamination, maintain their license to operate or looking for opportunities to grow, partnering with SUEZ means safe, reliable and sustainable operations that meet and exceed all your economic and environmental targets.

Refineries are being challenged to meet shifting product demands while processing variable quality feedstocks. These challenges are impacting oil, water and gas systems across the entire facility. Our solutions allow you to continuously monitor, proactively assess and optimize your refinery operations to safely meet economic targets.  

Source water quality, discharge limitations, and freshwater availability are also challenging refineries in various regions across the globe. These challenges are increasing operational risks, impacting their license to operate or even restricting opportunities to grow. Our solutions ensure that water resources are sustainably managed to achieve environmental protection and regulatory compliance at the lowest total cost of operation.

Refineries are managing aging infrastructure, tightening capital budgets and future market & regulatory uncertainties. These complex issues are increasing operational risks year over year and the solutions require more than just a simple technology fix. SUEZ’s holistic solutions combine the most comprehensive water and process technology portfolio in the industry along with innovating customer-focused services, resources and consulting to generate shared value.  

Process

  • Crude Oil Fingerprinting & Advanced Predictive Analytics uses rapid, onsite testing to measure oil quality and predict impacts on desalter performance and heat exchanger fouling.

  • Crude Overhead Corrosion Protection more effectively determines the salting in overhead systems and thermodynamic drivers having the greatest impact.

  • Crude Overhead Monitoring Systems measures distillation tower overhead conditions onstream to provide continuous, closed-loop control.

  • Desalter Benzene Extraction programs to minimize the amount of benzene in the effluent brine to assist with NESHAP regulations.

  • Desalter Programs tailored to specific mechanical and operating parameters that minimize the oil in the effluent brine, enhancing wastewater treatment plant's ability to meet discharge specifications. 

  • Fouling Control & Monitoring preserves heat transfer and throughput for both traditional and non-conventional fouling.

  • Fuel Treatment Programs help you get more from the fuel you’re using or allow you to switch to a less expensive fuel with no sacrifice to reliability or environmental regulations.

  • H2S Scavengers cost-effectively reduce H2S vapor levels associated with petroleum products and water to safe levels.

Water

  • Amine Global Services keep your amine treatment system not just in control but running at optimum conditions.

  • Boiler Water Treatment monitoring and control drives, efficiency, safety and reliability in steam-generating systems.

  • Cooling Water Treatment monitoring and control extends asset life to enhance and maximize production output and heat transfer efficiency while ensuring environmental protection.

  • Membrane Treatment chemicals and services protect your membranes from scale, bacterial growth and fouling to maintain production, maximize membrane life and minimize operating costs.

  • Wastewater Treatment monitoring and control improves the performance of physical, chemical and biological units while reducing sludge handling ensuring environmental protection and regulatory compliance.

Equipment & Services

Planned & Unplanned Events

The budget spent on maintenance is always a trade-off between reliability and cost. High performers can achieve reliability at low cost, while low performers spend a lot for maintenance but still are facing lower reliability. Although planned maintenance has a cost impact as machinery sits idle, there is an accompanying long-term benefit of keeping everything functioning to its optimum over the long-haul. Unplanned downtime, however, typically costs 1.5 times more than planned downtime. Emergency downtime is even more damaging - an emergency shutdown can cost five times more than downtime for planned maintenance. Ideally, maintenance costs should be driven from maintaining reliability, and not the lack thereof.

SUEZ helps refiners minimize the cost of planned and unplanned events in several ways due to our breadth of capabilities across the entire refining process - including chemistry, equipment, performance management, and technical expertise.

  • Help refiners maintain peak performance and efficiency during operations from startup, up to planned maintenance events. We are in refineries every day working side-by-side with our customers to ensure performance is maintained, and respond quickly to correct upset conditions.
  • Identify and execute performance improvement projects to help refiners achieve longer run times to extend the time between planned events.
  • When unplanned & emergency events happen, provide quick response to minimize the impact. From developing temporary programs to keep the refinery operating during unusual conditions to equipment cleaning technologies to onsite support during unplanned and emergency events, SUEZ is there to help.
  • When it is time to upgrade or expand your operation, SUEZ has the engineering expertise and equipment design, build, install, and operate capabilities to work with your capital group or EPC company to ensure the latest, most effective technology is used for your unique needs.

Process

  • Corrosion Control Chemistry ensures monitoring assets and treatment programs are applied to the right spots in your system.

  • Reactor Bed Cleaning cleans fixed-bed reactors to restore operations and extend run-length.

Water

  • Bioaugmentation Chemicals & Monitoring determine biological health and stress on a microbial system, enabling faster response and avoiding upsets.

  • Boiler Layup Programs prevent corrosion and degradation while boilers are not operating during an outage.

  • Steam Condensate Treatment helps reduce corrosion, maintenance needs, and downtime using more sophisticated methods for calculating chemical distribution in boiler and condensate systems.

Equipment & Services

 

Applications

Refining applications

Crude Tank/Feed Logistics

Crude tanks are the first line of defense for the refiner to reduce the impact of feedstock contaminants and blend quality issues. Refiners looking to improve energy efficiency, desalter performance, and corrosion want to maximize sludge and water removal while maintaining compatible blends in their crude storage and feed tanks—a complex challenge.

Generally, crude oil receipts that have high basic sediment and water or are of inconsistent quality (like many water-born shipments) can benefit from additional dehydration in the tank.  Tankage pretreatment, where specific demulsifier chemistry is added to the crude as it is received is recommended in these cases.

Blending practices and logistics can help ensure compatibility to reduce desalter treatment rates and the frequency of desalter upsets, as well as reduce fouling potential.  When logistics are insufficient to guarantee compatibility of the various crude oils processed, crude stabilizers fed to the crudes upon receipt can be used to reduce the impacts of incompatible blend scenarios.  SUEZ has also developed expert services to measure blend qualities and predict when quality issues will impact operations - in time to act to prevent problems.

  • Crude Quality Measurement provides on-the-spot testing and impact quantification—coupled with recommended mitigation—allowing your refinery to safely expand their operating envelope.

  • Blending Optimization uses SUEZ's proprietary crude oil quality measurements to determine the ideal blend to minimize processing issues while maintaining crude oil purchasing flexibility.

  • Tank Pretreatment improves dehydration and contaminant removal, improving performance and delaying the need for capital upgrades.

  • Crude Oil Stabilization restores the ability of an incompatible blend to avoid asphaltene precipitation, avoiding process-related problems when processing a variable crude slate.

  • Tank Farm & Logistics Assessment provides a cold-eyes review of the tank farm to improve the efficiency of operations, identify gaps, and determine best practice for blending and treatment

  • Slop/Recovered Oil Management programs are targeted to ensure the quality of the recovered oil to avoid upsets to the operation when returned. A combination of chemistry, equipment, auditing, and expertise results in higher quality recovered oil to be reused in the refiner processes.

Crude & Vacuum Units

The crude and vacuum distillation units are the first process unit that most of the fresh feed to a refinery sees.  These units remove the contaminant and separate the crude oil into usable fractions, preparing the oil for further processing to produce the finished products for sale by the refinery.

SUEZ specializes in ensuring the stable and efficient operation of these units—delivering operational calm in the face of variability. 

Successful refiners understand that efficient crude and vacuum unit performance are key to good downstream operations and need to address the main challenges of feed quality variation, hydrocarbon losses to the desalter brine, quality compromises, energy costs, and reliability concerns.

  • Cold & Hot Exchanger Train and Heater Fouling Control programs and monitoring have kept pace to preserve heat transfer and throughput for both traditional and non-conventional fouling.

  • Desalter Treatment helps refiners go beyond dehydration to improve extraction of contaminants not normally removed effectively at the desalter (including metal and tramp amine removal) while maintaining excellent brine quality.

  • Atmospheric & Vacuum Tower Overhead Corrosion Control protects from both acid attack and manages salt-induced corrosion.  When salting cannot be avoided, our unique salt dispersants can help maintain a clean tower top.

  • High-Temperature Corrosion Control combines engineering analysis of corrosion ‘hot spots’ to identify the best monitoring points and ensure the right chemistry is used in the right locations, and not used where not needed.

  • Desalter Equipment provides refiners with a desalter technical assessment, upgrade/retrofit existing desalter vessels, or provide turnkey design and build new desalting equipment when moving to different crude slates or expanding throughput.

Catalytic & Thermal Conversion Units

Various thermal and catalytic processes are used to improve product quality, increase yields of the most valuable liquid products, and upgrade bottom-of-the-barrel streams. The intense pressures, high temperatures, and complex chemistries involved can stress both the hydrocarbon streams and the equipment used in these processes.

SUEZ’s programs and technology address the potential pitfalls in these valuable units to ensure smooth operation, increase valuable product yield, and preserve equipment life. The main applications SUEZ supports in the crude and vacuum unit include:

  • Delayed Coker Foam Control combines several defoamer formulations with the expertise to feed and control the defoamer to ensure good control while minimizing silicone carryover impact in downstream units.  

  • Main Fractionator Overhead Corrosion & Salting programs are designed specifically to address the high water content, pH, and ammonia salt potential seen in these systems.

  • Metals Passivation treats the circulating catalyst stream with proprietary nano-sized metal passivation to blunt the negative effects of metals on the FCCU catalyst.

  • Slurry Fouling addresses the overall fouling problem to maintain heat transfer and circulation volume.

  • Visbreaker Fouling Control & Yield Improvement prevents fouling in heavy oil processing units but also increases yield output which significantly improves the profit profile for unit operation.

  • Exchanger & Furnace Fouling Control programs and monitoring ensure the right chemistry is applied at the right place and the program is effectively reducing fouling to maintain unit performance.

  • Reactor Bed Fouling programs break up that skin without shutting down the unit and allow the operation to continue far after the unit would have to shut down without treatment.

Ancillary Units

Efficient & reliable operation applies not only to the major process units-all aspects of refinery operations require good performance. SUEZ reaches far into the refinery operations to help with many ancillary unit operations, including:

  • Amine Units with the ability to improve operating reliability, prevent process issues, or even turnkey design and build for an amine system, SUEZ is positioned to help maximize return on a refinery's gas and liquid sweetening systems.

  • Sour/Process Water Strippers treatment and monitoring programs can help restore operating performance, ensure reliability, and provide consistent water quality to downstream consumers.

  • Equipment Cleaning designed to help degrease, decontaminate, and descale refinery equipment before or during maintenance activities.

Utility Systems

The efficient and effective use of water is key to a successful refinery operation. SUEZ is an industry leader in treating industrial tough-to-treat water systems, ensuring refiners have the water and steam needed, where and when they need it to reduce water and energy consumption, eliminate downtime, extend equipment life, and protect the environment.

  • Influent Water Conditioning is the first step in successfully using water for steam, cooling, and process contact water. Good inlet conditioning is critical to maintaining good utility system performance

  • Cooling Water Programs address these factors to ensure cooling water flow and heat transfer performance stay at peak performance

  • Boiler Feedwater programs assess the chemical, operational, and mechanical efficiency to ensure proper boiler water is delivered to steam generation equipment

  • Steam Systems ensures the purity, quality, and volume of steam is available for end-users through chemical, equipment, and monitoring technologies specifically designed for the unique needs of each refinery.

  • Temporary Emergency & Bridge System Water Solutions can provide a wide range of mobile and portable water treatment options to keep your plant running and at capacity.

Fuel Performance Additives

Fuel additives improve the handling and use of characteristics of liquid hydrocarbon fuels. Fuel additives are designed to help refiners meet fuel specifications and ensure that treated fuels are suitable for handling in the fuel storage tank and pipelines and fit for use in end-user vehicles and equipment. Each year refiners spend millions of dollars on finished fuel additives to help meet finished fuel quality specifications. Most traditional finished fuel additive applications are inefficient and result in unnecessary costs. SUEZ's fuel additives, in combination with on-site monitoring, chemical analysis, and recommendations from SUEZ's testing laboratories, are designed to help refiners meet finished product specifications at minimum costs.

  • Cold Flow Improvers allow fuels to meet distillate flow specifications, but they also increase flexibility to maximize the most profitable product volumes, such as using chemistry to allow more gasoil blended into diesel fuel or reducing the need to blend additional jet fuel into diesel fuel to meet cold flow properties.

  • Corrosion Protection Programs protect carbon steel, copper, and silver in the storage, transport, and motor fuel systems from corrosion-related issues.

  • Lubricity Improvers restore the lubricity lost as sulfur specifications are reduced.

  • Conductivity Improvers ensure static buildup does not cause issues during transport and storage of fuels.

  • Fuel Stabilizers prevent the formation of gums that foul storage tanks and clog fuel systems and engines.

  • Tank Biocides help to avoid biological growth, contamination, and microbial-induced corrosion with an effective biocide program.

Wastewater Treatment

The refinery wastewater unit often sees the most incoming stream variability but still requires consistent, high-quality output to maintain proper effluent water quality. Wastewater treatment demands as much attention and need for integrated solutions as the other process units in your operation. SUEZ considers your entire wastewater operation from primary treatment to discharge to develop solutions to reliably meet governmental regulations, provide the lowest cost of operation, and maintain a strong corporate citizen image to your neighbors.

SUEZ is in a unique position to offer the most comprehensive solutions for wastewater treatment from a single company. We provide chemistry, equipment, unique monitoring technologies, and operational experience to refinery waste treatment plants—including the option for SUEZ to own and operate your waste treatment units.

  • Primary Treatment  This first critical part of the treatment train can have many parallel objectives. Whether you are looking for more effective chemical programs to separate oil and solids from incoming wastewater; minimize sludge generation; looking to evaluate, upgrade, or install new separations equipment (oil-water separators or flotation units); or could benefit from a system assessment and performance improvement plan, SUEZ can help with an integrated approach to managing this area of the treatment train to minimize operating costs, maximize oil recovery and protect the downstream biological process.

  • Secondary Treatment: Utilizing living organisms, this stage of the treatment train is the most sensitive part and requires a deep understanding of the specific biological processes being used in your system. Traditional biological treatment systems are prone to upsets in refineries due to the nature of the wastewater produced. Increased unconventional crude oil processing adds to these stressors in wastewater treatment. Cost-effective and reliable operation requires a range of monitoring and optimization tools, as well as operational experience. With a unique approach to monitoring biological system activity and stress, SUEZ can measure the current performance capacity of a secondary treatment system. Early detection of biological stress allows operations to make changes proactively and cost-effectively. When your biological populations need a boost, SUEZ has a portfolio of adapted, high performance, microorganisms to enhance microbial degradation. Whether traditional activated sludge, advanced membrane bioreactors, or upgrades to increase capacity and contaminant removal, SUEZ has the process designs and technical expertise for your system to operate at peak performance and the lowest cost. 

  • Tertiary Treatment includes the clarifier vessels, chemical treatments, filtration, and final decontamination facilities needed to ensure wastewater effluent meets your discharge specifications.

  • Outsource operation, maintenance, and ownership of your waste treatment facility to relieve your refinery of the burden of non-core operations, allowing you to concentrate on turning oil into refined fuels and products.

  • Wastewater Reuse & Recycling programs allow for the reuse of treated wastewater to provide a sustainable source of clean water.

Whether traditional activated sludge, advanced membrane bioreactors, or upgrades to increase capacity and contaminant removal, SUEZ has the process designs and technical expertise for your system to operate at peak performance and the lowest cost.

Hydrogen Sulfide Scavenging

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a colorless, flammable, and toxic gas prevalent in the hydrocarbon processing industry. H2S scavengers are widely used in hydrocarbon processing facilities to maintain plant worker's safety and productivity and eliminate odor emissions. These specialized chemicals react selectively with and remove H2S to help meet product and process specifications.

SUEZ’s H2S scavenger's portfolio of products is specially designed to be a cost-effective solution for a broad range of operating conditions and product compositions, including:

  • Crude oils
  • Intermediate fluids
  • Asphalt
  • Finished refined products
Turnaround Preparation & Maintenace

The budget spent on maintenance is always a trade-off between reliability and cost. High performers can achieve reliability at low cost, while low performers spend a lot for maintenance but still are facing lower reliability. Excellent planning before and smart execution during planned turnaround outages are key to completing the work needed to return to service, resume production, and effectively investigate issues when the unexpected is uncovered. SUEZ helps refiners minimize cost and length of planned outages in several ways due to our breadth of capabilities across the entire refining process - including chemistry, equipment, performance management, and technical expertise.

  • Equipment cleaning programs

  • Turnaround site support services

  • Desalter upgrade/retrofit

  • Best practices gap analysis

Industry Technical Training Capabilities

SUEZ offers training in a wide variety of topics to suit our customer's individual and company requirements, from the novice through an experienced operator, engineer, and management. Instructors are fully qualified and possess decades of industry experience; each specializes in a specific area enabling SUEZ to offer a distinct advantage in the training.  SUEZ offers training in a variety of formats, including:

  • Formal technical training

  • Open format customer seminars & workshops

  • Dedicated training sessions at your site, developed specifically for your needs and personnel

Products & Services